X20Cr13 - 420 Stainless Steel
X20Cr13 stainless steel is a martensitic grade of stainless. It is magnetic and hardenable with rust resistant properties. X20Cr13 stainless is characterised by having a 0.16-0.25 carbon, and 12-14% chromium content. This mix of analysis gives X20Cr13 stainless steel an outstanding corrosion resistance and exceptional wear properties after heat treatment. Superior to 410 and 416 for most applications. X20Cr13 stainless steel has good ductility in the annealed condition, but is capable of achieving 52HRC after treatment. Optimal corrosion resistance is realised when X20Cr13 is surface ground and polished after hardening.
|X20Cr13 - 420 Stainless Steel Chemical Analysis wt %|
|0.16-0.25||≤ 1.00||≤ 1.00||≤ 0.04||≤ 0.015||12.0-14.0||≤ 1.00|
Applications for X20Cr13
Dental and surgical instruments cutlery, pump components, valves, nozzles, shafts, plastic moulds, gear pinions, cams and various hand tools
Not recommended for high pressure vessels
Soft Annealing X20Cr13
Heat to 730-810°C. Cool slowly in air.
Structure is ferrite with spherical carbides
Machineability of X20Cr13
Good machining characteristics due to the addition of Sulphur.
High speeds and feeds producing tough, stringy chips
|X20Cr13 - 420 Stainless Mechanical Properties at ambient temperature|
Condition annealed. Quenched and tempered 800°C
0.2% Proof Stress: 600 Nmm²
Tensile Strength: 800 - 950 Nmm²
Notch Impact Energy: (ISO-V) (J) 20
Hardness HB Max 230
Hot forming temperature 850-1100°C. Slow cool
Harden from a temperature 950-1050°C
Follow by oil or air quenching.
Tempering temperature 150-200°C
Heat Treatment Advise of 420S37
Treatment temperatures, including the rate of heating, cooling and soaking times will vary due to factors such as the shape and size of each 420 stainless steel component. Other considerations during the heat treatment process include the type of furnace, quenching medium, and workpiece transfer facilities. Please consult your heat treatment provider for full guidance for heat treatment of X20Cr13 stainless steel.
Corrosion resistance X20Cr13
Hardened condition realises resistance to atmosphere, fresh, dilute acids and alkalise, fresh water and fruit and vegetable juices
|420S37 - 420 Stainless Steel Physical properties|
Average values at ambient temperature
Modulus of elasticity. (10³ x N/mm²) : 215
Density. (g/cm³): 7.74
Thermal conductivity. (W/m.K): 30.0
Electric resistivity. (Ohm mm²/m): 0.60
Specific heat capacity. (J/g.K): 0.46
Welding of X20Cr13
Not commonly welded due to its air-hardening characteristics. Welding may possibly be performed after preheating to 149-204°C with the post-welding tempering at temperature for 2 hours. Recommendation of specialist advice to be sought
Cold working of X20Cr13
The material will withstand only minor cold work. Radical forming operations will result in cracking
The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of maximum or minimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose of illustrations to enable the reader to make their own evaluations. They are not intended to either express or imply the suitability for these or any other purposes