Grade X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Steel
X33Cr16 stainless steel is a martensitic grade of stainless. It is magnetic and hardenable with rust resistant properties. X33Cr16 stainless is characterised by having a 0.28-0.38 carbon, and 15-17% chromium content. This mix of analysis gives X33Cr16 stainless steel an outstanding corrosion resistance and exceptional wear properties after heat treatment. Superior to 410 and 416 type stainlesses for most applications. X33Cr16stainless steel has good ductility in the annealed condition, but is capable of achieving 55HRC after treatment. Optimal corrosion resistance is realised when X33Cr16 is surface ground and polished after hardening.
|X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Steel Chemical Analysis wt %|
|0.28-0.38||≤ 1.00||≤ 1.40||≤ 0.03||0.05-0.10||15.0-17.0||≤ 1.00|
Applications for X33Cr16
Dental and surgical instruments cutlery, pump components, shafts, plastic moulds, gear pinions, cams and various hand tools
Soft Annealing X33Cr16
Heat to 850-880°C. Cool slowly in air.
Machineability of X33Cr16
Good machining characteristics due to the addition of Sulphur.
|X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Mechanical Properties at ambient temperature|
Condition annealed. Quenched and tempered 850°C
0.2% Proof Stress: 905 Nmm²
Tensile Strength: 950 - 1100 Nmm²
Notch Impact Energy: (ISO-V) (J) 20
Hardness HB Max 230
Hot forming temperature 800-1100°C. Slow cool
Harden from a temperature 1000-1050°C
Follow by oil or air quenching.
Tempering temperature 150-200°C
Heat Treatment Advise of X33Cr16
Treatment temperatures, including the rate of heating, cooling and soaking times will vary due to factors such as the shape and size of each 420 stainless steel component. Other considerations during the heat treatment process include the type of furnace, quenching medium, and workpiece transfer facilities. Please consult your heat treatment provider for full guidance for heat treatment of X33Cr16 stainless steel.
Corrosion resistance X33Cr16
Hardened condition realises resistance to atmosphere, fresh, dilute acids and alkalise, fresh water, fruit juices, vegetable juices and plastics
|X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Steel Physical properties|
Average values at ambient temperature
Modulus of elasticity. (10³ x N/mm²) : 212
Density. (g/cm³): 7.65
Thermal conductivity. (W/m.K): 18.0
Electric resistivity. (Ohm mm²/m): 0.65
Specific heat capacity. (J/g.K): 0.46
Welding of X33Cr16
Not commonly welded due to its air-hardening characteristics. Welding may possibly be performed after preheating to 149-204°C with the post-welding tempering at temperature for 2 hours. Recommendation of specialist advice to be sought
Cold working of X33Cr16
The material will withstand only minor cold work. Radical forming operations will result in cracking
The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of maximum or minimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose of illustrations to enable the reader to make their own evaluations. They are not intended to either express or imply the suitability for these or any other purposes