Grade X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Steel

X33Cr16 stainless steel is a martensitic grade of stainless. It is magnetic and hardenable with rust resistant properties. X33Cr16 stainless is characterised by having a 0.28-0.38 carbon, and 15-17% chromium content. This mix of analysis gives X33Cr16 stainless steel an outstanding corrosion resistance and exceptional wear properties after heat treatment. Superior to 410 and 416 type stainlesses for most applications. X33Cr16stainless steel has good ductility in the annealed condition, but is capable of achieving 55HRC after treatment. Optimal corrosion resistance is realised when X33Cr16 is surface ground and polished after hardening.

 X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Steel Chemical Analysis wt % 
C Si Mn P S Cr Ni
0.28-0.38 ≤ 1.00 ≤ 1.40 ≤ 0.03 0.05-0.10 15.0-17.0 ≤ 1.00

Applications for X33Cr16

Dental and surgical instruments cutlery, pump components, shafts, plastic moulds, gear pinions, cams and various hand tools

Soft Annealing X33Cr16

Heat to 850-880°C. Cool slowly in air. 

Machineability of X33Cr16

Good machining characteristics due to the addition of Sulphur.

 X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Mechanical Properties at ambient temperature 

 Condition annealed. Quenched and tempered 850°C

 0.2% Proof Stress: 905 Nmm²

 Tensile Strength: 950 - 1100 Nmm²

 Elongation: 10% 

 Notch Impact Energy: (ISO-V) (J) 20

 Hardness HB Max 230

Forging X33Cr16

Hot forming temperature 800-1100°C. Slow cool

Hardening X33Cr16

Harden from a temperature 1000-1050°C

Follow by oil or air quenching.

Tempering X33Cr16

Tempering temperature 150-200°C

Heat Treatment Advise of X33Cr16

Treatment temperatures, including the rate of heating, cooling and soaking times will vary due to factors such as the shape and size of each 420 stainless steel component. Other considerations during the heat treatment process include the type of furnace, quenching medium, and workpiece transfer facilities. Please consult your heat treatment provider for full guidance for heat treatment of X33Cr16 stainless steel.

Corrosion resistance X33Cr16

Hardened condition realises resistance to atmosphere, fresh, dilute acids and alkalise, fresh water, fruit juices, vegetable juices and plastics

 X33Cr16 - 420 Stainless Steel  Physical properties  

 Average values at ambient temperature

 Modulus of elasticity.  (10³ x N/mm²) : 212

 Density.  (g/cm³): 7.65

 Thermal conductivity.  (W/m.K): 18.0

 Electric resistivity.  (Ohm mm²/m): 0.65

 Specific heat capacity.  (J/g.K): 0.46

 Magnetisable. Yes

Welding of X33Cr16

Not commonly welded due to its air-hardening characteristics. Welding may possibly be performed after preheating to 149-204°C with the post-welding tempering at temperature for 2 hours. Recommendation of specialist advice to be sought

Cold working of X33Cr16

The material will withstand only minor cold work. Radical forming operations will result in cracking


The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of maximum or minimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose of illustrations to enable the reader to make their own evaluations. They are not intended to either express or imply the suitability for these or any other purposes 

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